Regulations and standards

BLOCALPS specialises in the manufacture of aboveground refuelling stations for the storage and distribution of all types of fuel—including diesel, petrol, aviation fuel, oils, and more—with capacities ranging from 3,000 to 100,000 litres.

Aboveground refuelling stations are governed by the following regulations and standards: Order of July 1, 2004, standard EN 12285-2, and ICPE, JIG, and ATEX regulations.

Order of 01/07/2004

The French order of July 01, 2004 lays down the technical and safety rules applicable to the storage of petroleum products in places not covered by the legislation on classified installations for the protection of the environment (ICPE) or by the regulations governing establishments open to the public (ERP).

The purpose of this order is to set out the minimum requirements for the construction, installation, commissioning, maintenance, supply, and abandonment of petroleum product storage facilities to protect the safety of people, property, and the environment.

This order pertains specifically to tanks that exclusively store the petroleum products listed below. The characteristics of these products are defined in the aforementioned orders :

  • diesel fuel;
  • domestic fuel;
  • heavy fuels;
  • liquid fuel for mobile heating appliances.

The rules depend on the storage location—aboveground in the open air, aboveground in a building, or underground—and the overall storage capacity.

This order applies to end-use storage facilities for petroleum products, excluding those designed for the sale or resale of stored products.

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EN 12285-2 Standard

The EN 12285-2 Standard applies to workshop-fabricated steel tanks and horizontal cylindrical single skin and double skin tanks for the aboveground storage of flammable and non-flammable water polluting liquids.

It specifies the requirements applicable to workshop-fabricated steel tanks and horizontal cylindrical single skin and double skin tanks for the aboveground storage of flammable and non-flammable water polluting liquids, within the following limits: - Nominal diameter ranging from 800 mm to 3,000 mm; - Maximum overall length equal to 6 times the nominal diameter; - Applicable for liquids with a maximum density of 1.9 kg/l; - Maximum service pressure (po) of 1.5 bar (absolute); - In the case of dual skin tanks equipped with a leak detection system, the viscosity of the stored liquids should not exceed 5 x 10-3 m2/s.

The EN 12285-2 standard applies under normal ambient temperature conditions (-20°C to +50°C). Where temperatures are outside this range, additional requirements should be considered.

ICPE (Installation Classified to Protect the Environment)

Any industrial or agricultural operation likely to create risks or cause pollution or nuisance, particularly for the health and safety of local residents, is a facility classified as an Installation Classified to Protect the Environment (ICPE).

ICPE classification principles for a refuelling station :

There are five classification systems based on the threshold indicated in the nomenclature, according to the importance of the risks or inconveniences that may be generated :

  1. Declaration system (D): For the least polluting and least hazardous activities. A simple declaration to the Prefecture is required.
  2. Declaration system with periodic inspection (DC): Applies to certain categories of installations covered by the declaration system. It makes it possible to subject installations to periodic inspections carried out by approved bodies, with the aim of informing operators of the compliance of their installations with regulatory requirements;
  3. Registration system (E): Designed as a simplified authorisation for sectors where technical measures to prevent inconvenience are well known and standardised. Under this system, the operator must apply for authorisation before commissioning, demonstrating compliance with the technical risk and nuisance prevention measures defined in a general requirements order. This system was introduced by Ordinance no. 2009-663 of 11 June 2009 and implemented by a series of provisions published in the French Official Journal on 14 April 2010.
  4. Authorisation system (A): For facilities presenting serious environmental risks or nuisances. Under this system, the operator must apply for authorisation before commissioning, demonstrating the acceptability of the risk with an impact and hazard study. The Prefect may authorise or refuse operation.
  5. Authorisation with easement (S).

If your site is classified, two specific ICPE sections apply to your aboveground refuelling station :

Sections 4734: Applicable to fuel storage

(reference: click here)

Section 4734 relates to the storage of: "Specific petroleum products and substitute fuels: Petrol; kerosene (including aviation fuels); diesel oil fuels (including diesel, domestic fuel, and gas oil blends); heavy fuel oil; and substitute fuels for vehicles used for the same purposes and with similar flammability and environmental hazard properties."

To determine the classification level, consider :

"The total quantity likely to be present in the installations, including underground cavities"

Thresholds :

Installation not classified ICPEInstallation subject to authorisationInstallation subject to registrationInstallation subject to declaration
Total quantity* < 50 tonnes1,000 tonnes ≤ Total quantity*500 tonnes ≤ Total quantity* < 1,000 tonnes
OR 100 tonnes ≤ Quantity of petrol
50 tonnes ≤ Total quantity* < 500 tonnes
AND Quantity of petrol < 100 tonnes

Sections 1435: Applicable to fuel distribution 

(Reference: click here)
Section 1435 refers to "Refuelling stations: Facilities, whether or not open to the public, where fuels are transferred from fixed storage tanks into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles, boats, or aircraft."

To determine the classification level, consider: "The annual volume of liquid fuel distributed”

Thresholds:

Installation not classified ICPE

Installation subject to registration

Installation subject to declaration

Total annual volume distributed* ≤ 500 m3

AND Annual volume of petrol distributed ≤ 100 m3

20,000 m3 < Total annual volume distributed

500 m3< Total annual volume distributed* ≤ 20,000 m3

OR 100 m3 < Annual volume of petrol distributed

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NB : It's important to bear in mind that the operator is responsible for setting up and running their fuel storage and distribution facility on their site.

JIG Transport safety standards for aviation fuels defined by the Joint Inspection Group.

These standards aim to preserve product integrity throughout the supply chain, as well as the safety of employees and passengers.
ADR Regulations concerning the transport of dangerous goods.

The transport of hazardous materials, including fuels, is subject to special regulations known as ADR. This agreement stands for “Agreement for carriage of Dangerous goods by Road” and determines the conditions under which products such as fuels, radioactive materials, and other harmful substances can be transported with maximum safety.

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ADR Regulations concerning the transport of dangerous goods

The transport of hazardous materials, including fuels, is subject to special regulations known as ADR. This agreement stands for “Agreement for carriage of Dangerous goods by Road” and determines the conditions under which products such as fuels, radioactive materials, and other harmful substances can be transported with maximum safety.

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ATEX Regulations and explosion risks

The European Community has adopted “ATEX directives” concerning explosive atmospheres, in force since 1 July 2003. ATEX stands for EXplosive ATmosphere and is defined as follows: A mixture with air, under atmospheric conditions, of flammable substances in the form of gases, vapours, mists or dusts in which, after ignition has occurred, combustion spreads to the entire unburned mixture.

Directive 1999/92/EC aims to improve the safety and health protection of workers potentially at risk from explosive atmospheres, and the decree of 28 July 2003 lays down the conditions for installing electrical equipment in places where there is a risk of explosion.

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